|DesignSurfer > Teams > Stages|
Forming - Storming - Norming - Performing - Mourning
From extensive research in group dynamics and the process of team building, we know a great deal about how teams operate. For instance, we know that teams go through relatively predictable stages. These stages are not hard and fast, but they suggest the sequence of activities in building a team. This sequence is traditionally called - Forming - Storming - Norming - Performing
Teams have a finite life. They form for a specific purpose and must disband once their mission is complete. Consequently there is a fifth and final stage, sometimes called Mourning. Achieving closure, acknowledging the end of a project and moving on is a vital part of the lifecycle of every team.
The following table describes aspects of the five stages.
|Group Structure||Task Activity|
|Forming||Considerable anxiety, testing to discover the nature of the situation, what help can be expected from the facilitator, and what behaviours will be appropriate or inappropriate.||What is the task?Members seek the answers to that basic question, together with knowledge of the rules and the methods to be employed.|
|Storming||Conflict emerges among sub-groups; the authority and/or competence of individuals is challenged. Opinions polarise. Individuals react against efforts of the others to control them||The value and feasibility of the task is questioned. People react emotionally against its demands.|
|Norming||The group begins to harmonise; it experiences group cohesion or unity for the first time. Norms emerge as those in conflict are reconciled and resistance is overcome. Mutual support develops.||Co-operation on the task begins; plans are made and work standards laid down. Commun-ication of views and feelings develop|
|Performing||The group structures itself or accepts a structure which fits most appropriately its common task. Roles are seen in terms functional to the task and flexibility between them develops.||Constructive work on the task surges ahead; progress is experience as more of the groupís energy is applied to being effective in the area of their common task.|
|Mourning||The group must accept that the project is complete and disband gracefully. There may be a sense of loss and anxiety at having to break-up.||The high that comes with successfully completing a task is diffused carefully via a "closure ceremony". This public celebration marks the formal end of the team.|